Wood Flooring Grades & Cuts & Wood Species

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 Wood Flooring Grades & Cuts or Wood Species
GRADING - The appearance of the wood determines how it is "graded." All grades are equally strong and serviceable, yet afford the consumer different looks. These rules are an Industry standard set by the National Oak Flooring Manufacturers Associations (NOFMA)

Grades: Oak & Ash    Unfinished  - Four(4)

CLEAR Oak -Go 2 Installation Procedures

Clear Red Oak




Select Red Oak

Select & Better


"Clear" is free of defects though it may have minor imperfections. See room setting photo of this species. This grade is further identified by cut, CLEAR PLAIN, CLEAR QUARTERED
"Select & Better" is almost clear, but contains more natural characteristics such as knots and color variations. See room setting photo of this species. This grade is further identified by cut, SELECT PLAIN, SELECT QUARTERED

   #1 Common Red Oak

 # 1 Common  



  #2 Red Oak

 # 2 Common

# 1 Common has a variegated appearance, light and dark colors, knots, flags and worm holes. See room setting photo of this species
# 2 Common is rustic in appearance and allow all wood characteristics of the species. See room setting photo of this species
Note: "Common" grades (No. 1 and No. 2) have more markings than either clear or select and are often chosen because of these natural features and the character they bring to a room.                        


Unfinished Grades - Four(4)

4 most common grades of oak 





Grades: Oak   Prefinished  - Four(4)

Prime-This is the top grade and the overall appearance shall be good. The face of strips shall be selected for appearance after finishing. This grade includes characteristics found in the unfinished grades of CLEAR and SELECT grade 

Standard-The face of strips may contain sound wood characteristics which are even and smooth after filling and finishing. This grade includes some characteristics found in the unfinished grades SELECT, NO.1 COMMON, and NO. 2 COMMON
Standard & Better-
A combination of PRIME and STANDARD grade developing from the production run. See room setting photo of this species


Pre-finished Standard and Better Oak...    

A limited amount of unfilled/unfinished open characters admitted. A limited amount of pieces with finish irregularities such as bubbles, small skips, lines, stain/color variation, surface handling scratches, minor trash, and the like are allowed.






Hard Maple, Beech, Birch, Pecan - Three (3) Grades:

1st GRADE MAPLE "First" has the best appearance, natural color variations and limited character marks.
2nd GRADE MAPLE "Second" is variegated in appearance with varying sound wood characteristics of species.
3rd GRADE MAPLE "Third" is rustic in appearance allowing all wood characteristics of the species.





SOLID vs LAMINATED (Engineered) Manufacturing Method
Saw Cut vs Knife Cut

Solid vs Laminated

Also see:
    Problems & Cures
    Room Setting Photos 
   Types of Hardwood Floors
   Types of Hardwood Floor Finishes
   Technical Help





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